National Interpretation

That actions complement and are consistent with the objectives of national programmes for forest and rural development and all those international conventions and agreements that are ratified by Suriname and deal with forests, climate change and human rights.

How the Safeguard is ADDRESSED

The national forest programme is clearly defined in several PLRs. National actions complement and are consistent with the objectives of these PLRs.

According to the Constitution, the provisions of international human rights agreements, which may be directly binding on anyone, shall become effective upon promulgation, i.e. do not require the amendment or development of national law before they are applicable. Other international agreements (law) shall be ratified and come into effect (national) after approval by the National Assembly. Legal regulations in force in the Republic of Suriname shall not apply if such application should be incompatible with provisions of international agreements which are directly binding on anyone and which were concluded either before or after the enactment of the regulations. This means that national regulations should be in accordance with international agreements/laws.

The government is making an effort to implement the rulings of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. For example, a draft Law Collective Rights ITPs 2019, addressing several key points from the IACHR rulings, is currently being considered for approval.

Please see the PLR analysis for further detail.



(1) This has not been updated as it is still considered valid.

How the Safeguard is RESPECTED

  1. Description of how the implementation of the REDD+ strategy ensured consistency with the objectives of national programmes for forest and rural development.

    Suriname’s National REDD+ Strategy includes four strategic lines. In developing the strategy, it was ensured that each of the strategic lines, as well as the policy lines and measures underneath, align with national forest and rural development programmes. Its implementation should thus be consistent with objectives of these programmes. Example:

    Strategic line 1: Continue being a High Forest cover and Low Deforestation country (HFLD) and receive compensation to invest in economic transition  

    This strategic line is consistent with the assertion of the National Development Plan 2017-2021 that “the compensation for conserving Suriname's pristine tropical forest is part of the international climate change programme, under which REDD+ is inserted, and contributes to the growth and development through a programmatic approach for conserving and where necessary restoring Surinamese forest.” It also aligns with the National Biodiversity Plan, which establishes the “Conservation of biodiversity and the crucial ecological functions by a responsible expansion and sustainable management of a network of protected areas, which is representative for the biological diversity of the forests in Suriname”.
    Furthermore, it aligns with the Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP) for REDD+ (GOS 2013), which identifies co-benefits such as the creation of alternative livelihoods.

  2. Description of how the implementation of the REDD+ strategy is consistent with the objectives of the various international agreements to which Suriname is a Party

    REDD+ in Suriname will be implemented applying an Environmental and Social Management Framework (ESMF) that was specifically developed for this purpose. This ESMF considers aspects of importance under identified potential REDD+ benefits and risks as well as relevant environmental and social safeguards, hereby supporting the objectives of international agreements.

  3. Types of contribution of REDD+ to the objectives of national forest and rural development programmes and international agreements

    Identified potential REDD+ benefits (see SESA report) can contribute to a number of national PLRs and international agreements:
    How REDD+ benefits support PLRs and conventions (pdf)

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