National Interpretation

Actions to address the risks of reversals, including through, among other actions:

  • monitoring (e.g. through implementation of the NFMS), including community monitoring;
  • effective law enforcement;
  • continuity of incentives for alternative livelihood options and enhancement of living conditions (e.g. education, public health);
  • income diversification;
  • equitable benefit sharing mechanisms to avoid the capture of benefits by a small elite;
  • ensuring the sustainable use of forests and forest resources;
  • transparency on different uses of land, including land tenure.


How the Safeguard is ADDRESSED

The sustainable utilisation and conservation of forests and other relevant resources is promoted through several existing PLRs.

The vision of Suriname’s National Forest Management System (NFMS) is that “Suriname monitors forest cover changes in the whole country in close collaboration with multiple stakeholders, using modern technologies and local community participation in a system that provides the national and international community with the most updated and reliable information about forest cover, which is used to enforce governance on deforestation, forest degradation, land tenure and land use (changes), to sustainably manage the forest resources while maintaining resilience of forest ecosystems.”

By now, Suriname’s NFMS is largely operational, including the gathering and analysis of Near-Real-Time Monitoring Data. In addition, the included Sustainable Forest Information System of Suriname (SFISS) allows to trace back every piece of wood that gets cut from its origin to a harbour or sawmill.

The National REDD+ Strategy supports the country’s capacities to monitor and regulate forest-based activities under policy line 2.B: Enforcement, control and monitoring. However, monitoring of social impacts of forest programmes is not currently mandatory. This could change if the existing EIA procedures became mandatory, as requested by the National REDD+ Strategy.



How the Safeguard is RESPECTED

  1. Percentage (%) of REDD+ projects addressing drivers of deforestation on the long term.
    This is an accumulated indicator that will be calculated from project-level information.
  2. Number of REDD+ grievances regarding: illegal activities in the forest and unsustainable use of forest resources, unequal benefit sharing, and issues around transparency of land tenure.
    This is an accumulated indicator that will be calculated from project-level information.
  3. Description of ESMF provisions to ensure continuity
    The ESMF includes provisions to ensure continuity in several places:
    • The action matrix (section 4.3, page 40, Table 8) in the ESMF includes long-term actions to ensure sustainability of REDD+ at national level, addressing topics such as institutional strengthening and monitoring.
    • The framework for implementation of REDD+ at project level requests in section 5.1, page 48 that proposals include a description of long-term ecological, social and financial sustainability of the REDD+ (sub-) project.
    • The point is re-emphasised under section 5.9, page 57, in the context of non-permanence.
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