How the Safeguard is ADDRESSED
The term “forest” is clearly defined in Suriname’s PLRs, however, while palm tree plantations and trees planted for agricultural purposes are excluded from this definition, other plantation forest is not (e.g. for pulp and paper). Shifting cultivation is included in the forest definition, as long as it is done in a traditional way. As this forest definition is not in line with the UNFCCC and IPCC requirements, the national interpretation refers to the forest definition used specifically in the context of REDD+.
The Forest Law does not prohibit the conversion of forest but provides for some criteria to convert forest for purposes other than forestry. PLRs do promote or require the identification/mapping and protection of natural forests and biological diversity. The National REDD+ Strategy aims to conserve Suriname’s forest by addressing the drivers of deforestation and forest degradation in line with the country’s agreed Development Plan. Once the Draft Environmental Law is adopted, as promoted in the National REDD+ Strategy, an Environmental Impact Assessment will be mandatory for specific activities, including forest concessions for timber harvesting, agriculture and aquaculture projects. The resulting EIA report should include an Environmental Management Plan and the project proponent is obliged to conduct regular monitoring.
Suriname is party to the CBD and the CITES Convention. The term Biodiversity is defined in line with the CBD’s definition. Endangered species are regulated through the Game legislation. The Nature Conservation Law promotes research for science-based biodiversity conservation. Several PLRs promote the economic, social and cultural development of natural resources, including the Development Plan (OP), Forest Management Law (FML), and National REDD+ Strategy (NS).
The National REDD+ Strategy specifically addresses the topic of sustainable forest management under Policy line D.2 Promotion of Sustainable Forest Management and the measures included therein.
- Forest Management Law
- Forest Policy
- Development Plan
- Game Legislation
- Nature Conservation Law
- Draft Environmental Law
- National REDD+ Strategy
- United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
- Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES)